Thursday, June 11, 2015

Keyboard shortcuts in Eclipse IDE

Editors are an integral part of the programming. There are lot of editors available. Eclipse is my favourite Java IDE (Integrated Development Environment) since I started coding in Java. Shortcuts make life very easy when you are working with any IDE. Eclipse also comes with lot of shortcuts that makes life of a developer easy.  I surfed and wrote down most of the shortcuts available in Java.
This description uses the shortcuts based on Windows and Linux. Mac OS uses the Cmd key frequently instead of the Ctrl key.

1. Manage Files and Projects:
Ctrl+N         : Create new project using the Wizard
Ctrl+Alt+N  : Create new project, file, class, etc.
Alt+f, then . Open project, file, etc.
Ctrl+Shift+R         : Open Resource (file, folder or project)
Alt+Enter    : Show and access file properties
Ctrl+S         : Save current file
Ctrl+Shift+S          : Save all files
Ctrl+W        : Close current file
Ctrl+Shift+W : Close all files
Ctrl+P : Prints the file.
F5      : Refresh content of selected element with local file system
2. Editor Window:
Focus/ cursor must be in Editor Window for these to work.
F12    : Jump to Editor Window
Ctrl+Page Down/Ctrl+Page Up  : Switch to next editor / switch to previous editor
Ctrl+M        : Maximize or Minimize current Editor Window (also works for other Windows)
Ctrl+E         : Show list of open Editors. Use arrow keys and enter to switch
Ctrl+F6/Ctrl+Shift+F6     : Show list of open Editors. Similar to ctrl+e but switches immediately upon release of ctrl
Alt+Arrow Left/Alt+Arrow Right        : Go to previous / go to next Editor Window
Alt+-  Open Editor Window Option menu
Ctrl+F10      : Show view menu (features available on left vertical bar: breakpoints, bookmarks, line numbers, …)
Ctrl+F10, then n    : Show or hide line numbers
Ctrl+Shift+Q         : Show or hide the diff column on the left (indicates changes since last save)
3. Navigate in Editor:
Home/End   : Jump to beginning / jump to end of indention. Press home twice to jump to beginning of line
Ctrl+Home/End     : Jump to beginning / jump to end of source
Ctrl+Arrow Right/Arrow Left    : Jump one word to the left / one word to the right
Ctrl+Shift+Arrow Down/Arrow Up     : Jump to previous / jump to next method
Ctrl+L         : Jump to Line Number. To hide/show line numbers, press ctrl+F10 and select 'Show Line Numbers'
Ctrl+Q         : Jump to last location edited
Ctrl+./Ctrl+, : Jump to next / jump to previous compiler syntax warning or error
Ctrl+Shift+P            : With a bracket selected: jump to the matching closing or opening bracket
Ctrl+[+]/Ctrl+- on numeric keyboard   Collapse / Expand current method or class
Ctrl+[/]/Ctrl+* on numeric keyboard   Collapse / Expand all methods or classes
Ctrl+Arrow Down/Ctrl+Arrow Up       :Scroll Editor without changing cursor position
Alt+Page Up/Alt+Page Down    :Next Sub-Tab / Previous Sub-Tab
Ctrl+F7 : Next View
Ctrl+Shift+F7: Previous View
Ctrl+F8: Next Perspective
Ctrl+Shift+F8: Previous Perspective
Ctrl + .  : Go to the next problem / error
Ctrl + ,  : Go to the previous problem / error
4. Select Text :
Shift+Arrow Right/Arrow Left  : Expand selection by one character to the left / to the right
Ctrl+Shift+Arrow Right/Arrow Left    :Expand selection to next / previous word
Shift+Arrow Down/Arrow Up   :Expand selection by one line down / one line up
Shift+End/Home   :Expand selection to end / to beginning of line
Ctrl+A         :Select all
Alt+Shift+Arrow Up       :Expand selection to current element (e.g. current one-line expression or content within brackets)
Alt+Shift+Arrow Left/Arrow Right     :Expand selection to next / previous element
Alt+Shift+Arrow Down   :Reduce previously expanded selection by one step
5. Edit Text:
Ctrl+C/Ctrl+X/Ctrl+V     :Copy, Cut and paste
Ctrl+Z         :Undo last action
Ctrl+Y         :Redo last (undone) action
Ctrl+D         :Delete Line
Alt+Arrow Up/Arrow Down      :Move current line or selection up or down
Ctrl+Alt+Arrow Up/Ctrl+Alt+Arrow Down/  : Duplicate current line or selection up or down (This may not work in windows as this key combination rotates the screen)
Ctrl+Delete  :Delete next word
Ctrl+Backspace      :Delete previous word
Shift+Enter  :Enter line below current line
Shift+Ctrl+Enter   :Enter line above current line
Insert :Switch between insert and overwrite mode
Shift+Ctrl+Y         :Change selection to all lower case
Shift+Ctrl+X         :Change selection to all upper case
6. Search and Replace
Ctrl+F         :Open find and replace dialog
Ctrl+K/Ctrl+Shift+K       :Find previous / find next occurrence of search term (close find window first)
Ctrl+H         :Search Workspace (Java Search, Task Search, and File Search)
Ctrl+J/Ctrl+Shift+J          :Incremental search forward / backwards. Type search term after pressing ctrl+j, there is now search window
Ctrl+Shift+O         :Open a resource search dialog to find any class
Ctrl + J  : Incremental search without popup dialog, just starting typing to search. Press Ctrl + J to find the next match
Ctrl + Shift + G   : In the Java editor, search for references in the workspace.
Ctrl + Shift + P   : Select the matching bracket. Cursor needs to be placed before or after a bracket.
7. Indentations and Comments
Tab/Shift+Tab       :Increase / decrease indent of selected text
Ctrl+I          : Correct indention of selected text or of current line
Ctrl+Shift+F          :Autoformat all code in Editor using code formatter
Ctrl+/ Comment / uncomment line or selection ( adds '//' )
Ctrl+Shift+/ Add Block Comment around selection ( adds '/*... */' )
Ctrl+Shift+\ Remove Block Comment
Alt+Shift+J  Add Element Comment ( adds '/** ... */')
8. Editing Source Code
Ctrl+Space   :Opens Content Assist (e.g. show available methods or field names)
Ctrl+1          :Open Quick Fix and Quick Assist
Alt+/  :Propose word completion (after typing at least one letter). Repeatedly press alt+/ until reaching correct name
Ctrl+Shift+Insert   :Deactivate or activate Smart Insert Mode (automatic indention, automatic brackets, etc.)
9. Code Information
Ctrl+O         Show code outline / structure
F2      :Open class, method, or variable information (tooltip text)
F3      : Open Declaration: Jump to Declaration of selected class, method, or parameter
F4      :Open Type Hierarchy window for selected item
Ctrl+T         :Show / open Quick Type Hierarchy for selected item
Ctrl+Shift+T         :Open Type in Hierarchy
Ctrl+Alt+H  :Open Call Hierarchy
Ctrl+U  :Find occurrences of expression in current file
Ctrl+move over method   : Open Declaration or Implementation
10. Refactoring
Alt+Shift+R : Rename selected element and all references
Alt+Shift+V :Move selected element to other class or file (With complete method or class selected)
Ctrl+Shift+C         :Change method signature (with method name selected)
Alt+Shift+M         :Extract selection to method
Alt+Shift+L :Extract local variable: Create and assigns a variable from a selected expression
Alt+Shift+I  :Inline selected local variables, methods, or constants if possible (replaces variable with its declarations/ assignment and puts it directly into the statements)
11. Run and Debug
Ctrl+F11      :Save and launch application (run)
F11    :Debug
F5      :Step Into function
F6      :Next step (line by line)
F7      :Step out
F8      :Skip to next Breakpoint

12. Others
Ctrl+F7/Ctrl+Shift+F7     :Switch forward / backward between views (panels). Useful for switching back and forth between Package Explorer and Editor.
Ctrl+F8/Ctrl+Shift+F8     :Switch forward / backward between perspectives
Ctrl+P         :Print
F1      :Open Eclipse Help
Shift+F10    :Show Context Menu (right click with mouse)
Ctrl+3 :Quick Access. allows you to perform all available actions in Eclipse. This shortcut puts the focus into the Quick Access search box which allows you to execute any Eclipse command
Ctrl + Shift + O : Organize imports
Alt + Shift + S + R : Generate getter and setter methods
CTRL+SPACE :  Type assist
ALT+SHIFT+Z – Enclose block in try-catch.
SHIFT+F2 – Show Javadoc for current element.

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